Meanings of Forms and Belts
Meaning of the Belts

White - Signifies innocence as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of the art of Tae Kwon Do.

Yellow/Orange - Signifies earth, a plant sprouts and takes root as the Tae Kwon Do foundation is being laid.

Green - Signifies the plant's growth as Tae Kwon Do skills begin to develop.

Blue - Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as the training in Tae Kwon Do progresses.

Brown - Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Black - Opposite of white, therefore, signifying the maturity of proficiency in Tae Kwon Do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.

Meaning of the Hyungs (Forms)
Chon-Ji (perform as a white belt)
(19 movements) means literally 'Heaven and Earth', and in the Orient is interpreted as the creation of the world and the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern learned by the beginner. The pattern consists of two parts – one to represent heaven, the other, the Earth.

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Dan-Gun (perform as a yellow belt)
(21 movements) is named after the Holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC

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Do-San (perform as an orange belt)
(24 movements) is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876 – 1938) who devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement.

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Won-Hyo (perform as a green belt)
(28 movements) was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.

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Yul-Gok (perform as a blue belt)
(38 movements) is the pseudonym of the great philosopher Yi I (1536-1584 AD) nicknamed the 'Confucius of Korea'. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th parallel and the diagram (+) means scholar.

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Chung-Gun (perform as a 3rd temporary/permanent brown belt)
(32 movements) is named after the patriot An-Chung Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korean-Japan merger. The thirty-two movements in this pattern represent Mr. An's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung Prison in 1910.

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Toi-Gye (perform as a 2nd temporary/permanent brown belt)
(37 movements) is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century AD) an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of this patter refer to his birthplace on the 37th parallel, and the diagram (+) means scholar.

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Hwa-Rang (perform as a 1st temporary brown belt)
(29 movements) is named after the Hwarangdo youth group which was originated in the Silla Dynasty around 620 AD This group eventually became the driving force in the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. (Silla, Koguryo, and Baek Je).

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Chung-Mu (perform as a 1st permanent brown belt)
(30 movements) was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 AD. The reason why this pattern ends up with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

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Gwang-Gae (perform as a temporary black belt)
(39 movements) (375-418) Is picked after the famous Gwang-T'o-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories, including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram () represents the expansion and recovery of lost territories. The 39 movements refer to his reign for 39 years.

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Po-Eun (perform as a 1st Dan black belt)
(36 movements) (1337-1392) Is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known by every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (-) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

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Ge-Baek (perform as a 1st Dan black belt)
(44 movements) (?-660 AD) Is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Baek-Je Dynasty (600 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

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Eui-Am (perform as a 2nd Dan black belt)
(45 movements) Is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movements on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

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Chung-Jang (perform as a 2nd Dan black belt)
(52 movements) (1567-1596) Is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 15th century. This pattern ends with a left hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

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Ko-Dang
(39 movements) (1882-1950) Is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.

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(33 movements) (March 1, 1919) Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

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Yoo-Sin
(68 movements) (595-673) Is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty, who unified the three separate kingdoms of Korea. The 68 movements refer tot he 68 in 688 AD, the year Korea was united.

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Choi-Yong
(45 movements) (1316-1388) Is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Yi Dynasty.

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